All about Rosacea
Rosacea (pronounced roh-ZAY-sha) may sound like the name of a fancy perfume, but unfortunately, it is actually quite a serious condition affecting an estimated 1 in 20 Americans.
Rosacea is a skin disorder – mainly found on the face. It is chronic and life-disruptive for many sufferers. It tends to start after age 30, with some redness on the forehead, nose, chin, or cheeks. For some, the redness might even appear on the scalp, ears chest, or neck.
It will start out as a redness, and over time turn ruddier and become more persistent, with some blood vessels possibly even appearing.
If the patient leaves the rosacea untreated, pimples and bumps can develop.
Those with fair skin, or who blush or flush easily are more prone to developing rosacea, although it can affect anyone. Interestingly, while it is more frequently diagnosed in women, the worse cases appear in men. This is thought to be because men tend to take longer to get diagnosed after experiencing the symptoms.
It is also common for rosacea patients to experience problems with their eyes, such as watering, irritation, and appearing bloodshot.
Unfortunately, the cure for rosacea is unknown, as well as the cause. There is medical therapy available that will be able to control or reverse the symptoms and signs of rosacea.
The subtypes of rosacea
- Subtype 1: Medical name is erythematotelangiectatic rosacea, flushing and persistent redness and possibly visible blood vessels.
- Subtype 2: Medical name is papulopustular rosacea, persistent redness, bumps, and pimples.
- Subtype 3: Medical name is phymatous rosacea, skin thickening which often leads to enlargement of the nose from the excess tissue.
- Subtype 4: Medical name is ocular rosacea, affects the ocular area with symptoms such as dry eye, tearing and burning, recurrent styes, swollen eyelids. And, corneal damage leading to potential vision loss.